|Country Number (26?)||1968?||FIRST WAVE|
|Television commenced||March 1954|
|Language/s||Arabic and French||Dubbed|
Television Stations / Channels
In March 1954, Morocco was the first country in North Africa to establish a television service. But the privately-owned station soon went bankrupt and stopped broadcasting in 1955. It was bought by the Moroccan government in 1960, becoming Radiodiffusion Télévision Marocaine (RTM) in January 1962 when transmissions recommenced.
The television service was only for four hours per day (a third of which was in French), reaching only the two main cities of Casablanca and Rabat.
Colour transmissions began in 1972 using the French SECAM colour broadcast system, although less than 3% of licence receivers were colour sets.
The principal languages of Morocco are Arabic and French; RTM broadcast in both languages.
DOCTOR WHO IN MOROCCO
Morocco is named in the list of 27 countries in The Making of Doctor Who (1972 Piccolo edition).
As noted in DWM issue 444, the sale to Morocco was completed by 6 May 1968.
In mid-1970, while his first season was airing on TV in the UK, Jon Pertwee went to Morocco on holiday. Speaking with reporters on his return to the UK, he recalled an incident in which he was stopped by a Moroccan policeman, who waived him on, having recognised him as "Docteur Who".
This anecdote first appeared in the 2-8 January 1971 issue of the Radio Times; is repeated in the 1972 edition of The Making of Doctor Who (page 1); Peter Haining's book The Key to Time (page 102); and Pertwee's biography, I am the Doctor (but minus the policeman!, page 41). But it's clear that Pertwee was elaborating on this story somewhat, as his episodes never aired in Morocco; certainly not in 1970 - nor since! If there was any truth to the tale, then the policeman must have known who Pertwee was by some means other than from local television broadcasts.
Stories bought and broadcast
Nine stories, 37 episodes:
|A||An Unearthly Child||1|
|C||Inside the Spaceship||2|
|E||The Keys of Marinus||6|
|J||Planet of Giants||3|
|K||The Dalek Invasion of Earth||6|
The programme was supplied as 16mm black and white film prints with Arabic soundtracks.
Origin of the Prints?
But if Tunisia sent the seven stories it had to Iran, then Morocco's prints would be a new set provided by the BBC. Indeed, the existing film print of The Aztecs part four has a date on it which indicates the negative it was struck from was created in November 1967, long after Tunisia would have already acquired and aired it.
We have checked a number of newspapers (in French) from Casablanca and Rabat for 1967, 1968, 1969 and 1970, but few of them contained detailed or regular TV listings.
What few listings they did have were often only the type of programme (e.g. "news"; "cartoons"; "religious programme"; "serial"; "documentary"; "film"; "children's programme") rather than by title.
During the likely dates for when Doctor Who potentially aired (i.e. 1968 and 1969), there were TV listings that said "Télé-feuilleton" or "Télé-feuilleton en arabe" (which means "television series / in Arabic"); a generic listing for "Emission enfantine" ("Children's programme") in the 7.00 to 7.30pm slot; and a listing for "Emission medicale" ("Medical programme") at 7.15pm.
Any of these generic billings could have been for Doctor Who. However, we could not identify an uninterrupted 37 week run of generic billings like these that could have been Doctor Who. (It's possible Doctor Who aired in broken shorter runs, making identifying them even harder!)
In the BROADWCAST FORUM, "Duncan", who lived in Gibraltar in the late 1970s, says "after my first exposure to Tom Baker Who - so we must be talking between late 1978 and the start of 1980 - I was flicking through Moroccan TV and discovered Hartnell episodes dubbed into Arabic (sadly all I can recall is scenes inside the Tardis), and that marked by realisation that there was more to this show than I'd realised".
This suggests that the Hartnell episodes may actually have aired much later than 1968, unless what "Duncan" recalls seeing were in fact repeats.
We did look at newspapers for the late 1970s / early 1980s, but like the 1960s listings, the published TV schedules were non-specific.
Fate of the Prints
However, for the DVD release of The Aztecs, which has an alternative language option for part four, the Arabic soundtrack came from a film print that was apparently recovered from Morocco. If so, then Saudi Arabia's prints may have come from elsewhere...
Alternatively, Morocco sent its prints to Algeria in 1973, and those prints were subsequently returned to the BBC.
(A partial translation of the soundtrack of that episode can be read on the ARABIC page.)
Morocco in Doctor Who
- In The Time Monster, Stuart Hyde produces an empty bottle of "Moroccan burgundy" to help the Doctor with his time-jamming experiment.
- In Planet of Fire, Peri is planning to join two English friends in Morocco.